首页  >  信息发布  >  政策公告 > 正文

必威登录平台关于印发《月球样品管理办法》的通知

发布日期:2021年01月18日字体: 【大】【中】【小】

国航天〔2020〕4号

各有关单位:

  

  《月球样品管理办法》已经审议通过,现印发给你们,自发布之日起施行。


必威登录平台


  2020年12月17日


  月球样品管理办法


  第一章 总则


  第一条 为规范月球样品的保存、管理和使用,发挥其科研价值与社会效益,制定本办法。

  

  第二条 本办法中的月球样品是指我国通过实施探月工程在月球表面及表面以下采集的,以及必威登录平台通过其他途径获得的月球物质。


  第三条 本办法适用于月球样品的解封、分类、制备、建档、存储、申请、分发、运输、使用、返还、处置、信息管理及成果管理等全过程。


  第二章 职责

  

  第四条 必威登录平台是月球样品的管理部门,主要职责包括:


  (一) 制定月球样品管理的相关政策、制度。


  (二) 监管科研成果转化和商业开发等活动。


  (三) 负责月球样品国际合作相关工作。


  第五条 必威登录平台探月与航天工程中心(以下简称探月中心)受必威登录平台委托,实施月球样品的具体管理工作,主要职责包括:


  (一) 审核存储机构制定的月球样品相关标准规范。


  (二) 组建月球样品专家委员会。


  (三) 审核月球样品借用申请。


  (四) 监督检查月球样品解封、分类、制备、建档、存储、申请、分发、运输、使用、返还、处置、信息管理及成果管理等全过程,协调过程中出现的问题。


  (五) 通过数据信息平台定期发布月球样品动态信息。


  (六) 开展科学成果与应用管理,形成并发布成果清单。


  第六条 月球样品存储在必威登录平台及其指定的存储机构。主存储机构设在中国科学院国家天文台,另外设立备份存储机构。


  存储机构在必威登录平台的统筹领导下开展月球样品有关工作,接受探月中心对月球样品的统一调配和指导监督,及时向探月中心提供月球样品相关信息,定期向探月中心报告月球样品存储和借用情况。如发生月球样品污染、损坏等紧急情况,应立即向探月中心报告。


  存储机构借用月球样品,应遵循本办法规定的申请程序、使用要求。


  第七条 主存储机构主要职责包括:


  (一) 制定月球样品相关标准规范。


  (二) 开展月球样品的解封、分类、制备、建档、存储。


  (三) 按程序开展月球样品分发、返还和处置等工作。


  (四) 建设并维护存储设施,具备开展相关工作的能力。


  (五) 建立月球样品信息库,保障所存储月球样品的安全。


  第八条 备份存储机构主要职责包括:


  (一) 配合制定月球样品相关标准规范。


  (二) 建设并维护存储设施。


  (三) 建立月球样品信息库,保障所存储月球样品的安全。


  第九条 月球样品的借用应以法人为主体(简称借用主体),借用主体主要职责包括:


  (一) 按照批准的相关内容和借用协议进行科学研究或公益活动。


  (二) 在使用过程中应保证月球样品的安全,承担因操作、保管等过错致使样品受损、污染、丢失的责任。


  (三) 在样品使用过程中,应指定专人负责样品的安全使用,并在申请时注明。


  (四) 月球样品科研成果向探月中心报备。


  第三章 分类、处理及信息发布

  

  第十条 按照基础用途,月球样品原则上分为永久存储、备份永久存储、研究和公益四种:永久存储和备份永久存储样品作为原始样品进行封存;研究样品用于月球科学研究、分析;公益样品用于展览、科普、教育等公益性活动。


  第十一条 主存储机构接收月球样品后,按照不同的基础用途,进行为期不超过六个月的处理并形成相关信息。


  第十二条 处理期结束后,探月中心通过数据信息平台向社会公布月球样品信息,并根据借用情况对样品信息动态更新。


  第四章 借用与分发

  

  第十三条 借用是指使用月球样品开展科学研究(无损实验和有损实验)和公益(教育、展览等)活动,并在活动完成后按约定时间返还。


  第十四条 借用主体应具有相应的安防和存储条件,开展样品研究的借用主体应具有相应的研究能力。


  第十五条 借用主体在数据信息平台提交月球样品借用申请表(见附件1,2)。


  第十六条 探月中心每季度末对借用申请进行集中评议,并将评议结果及时反馈借用主体。探月中心与借用主体签署《月球样品借用协议》(见附件3),并由主存储机构按程序发放。


  第十七条 研究样品借用期原则上不超过一年。确有需要,办理一次续借手续,续借期不超过六个月。借用主体应在借用期满前至少三十天向探月中心提交续借申请。


  第十八条 由于月球样品的珍贵性,借用的研究样品应节约使用。对于研究样品的有损实验应降低到最低程度,并在研究计划中详细论证说明。


  第十九条 公益样品借用期一般不超过两个月。确有需要,借用主体可办理一次续借手续,续借期不超过一个月。借用主体应在期满前十五天向探月中心提交延期申请。


  第二十条 主存储机构根据探月中心的书面通知、批准的借用申请表和签署的《月球样品借用协议》,三十天内完成相应样品的准备和分发,并反馈探月中心。


  第五章 使用和返还

  

  第二十一条 借用主体应对月球样品的使用进行全程书面记录,有损实验必须进行视频记录,保证样品使用的可追溯性,便于月球样品的监督、返还和再次分配。


  第二十二条 借用主体接受探月中心对月球样品使用情况的检查。


  第二十三条 借用主体无权将月球样品提供给第三方使用。如需在第三方进行实验、测试等相关工作,需在借用申请表中明确,探月中心审核后方可实施。


  第二十四条 借用主体在月球样品使用过程中如果违反借用协议中的规定,探月中心有权提前终止协议,并要求借用主体立即返还样品。


  第二十五条 在借用期满后5个工作日内,借用主体应及时向主存储机构提交返还申请表(见附件4),随附月球样品、借用协议及必要的说明文件等。在返还申请表中,应清晰完整地填写样品使用记录,对于有损实验(含彻底损坏无剩余)还需提供相关实验视频记录。所借用的样品应全部返还,因开展有损实验而无法完整返还的样品,应将剩余部分返还。


  第二十六条 主存储机构在收到月球样品返还申请表后,组织对借用主体返还物项的完整性进行核查,如有缺项,借用主体需在规定日期内补充提交。主存储机构对返还的月球样品进行检测,形成检测意见后报探月中心。探月中心视情组织专家委员会复核后,做出审核结论。对于符合返还要求的,主存储机构负责做好返还样品的登记入库和存储等相关工作;对于不符合返还要求的,将依据《月球样品借用协议》的相关条款进行处理。


  第六章 成果管理

  

  第二十七条 使用月球样品研究成果发表论文和开展学术交流等活动,应明确标注月球样品的编号,并注明“月球样品由必威登录平台提供(Lunar Sample Provided by CNSA)”。


  第二十八条 使用月球样品研究成果发表论文和申报知识产权,应在三个月内登录数据信息平台进行报备,由探月中心汇总并公布,以促进月球样品科研成果的共享。


  第二十九条 探月中心组织专家委员会定期对月球样品科研成果进行评价,促进科技成果转化与应用。


  第三十条 借用主体利用月球样品或月球样品相关科研成果和产品开展商业活动,应征得探月中心书面同意,并遵守《月球样品借用协议》。


  第七章 安全管理

  

  第三十一条 借用主体应具备相应的安全保障和管理条件,确保月球样品在使用过程中安全、不受到污染。


  第三十二条 如月球样品丢失,应立即向当地警方报警并向探月中心报告;如发生污染、损坏等,借用主体需在24小时内提交书面说明,情节严重的,探月中心将提请必威登录平台和有关机关依法追究法律责任。


  第八章 国际合作

  

  第三十三条 月球样品的管理和使用遵守中华人民共和国缔结和参加的相关国际公约。


  第三十四条 必威登录平台鼓励开展基于月球样品的空间科学国际联合研究工作,促进成果的国际共享。


  第三十五条 探月中心按照必威登录平台有关协议和批复,组织开展月球样品的联合研究、交流、展示、馈赠等工作。


  第九章 附则

  

  第三十六条 对违反本办法相关规定的,必威登录平台和有关机关将依法追究其法律责任。


  第三十七条 本办法自发布之日起施行,必威登录平台负责解释。


  附件:

  附件1. 研究样品借用申请表  

  附件2. 公益样品借用申请表  

  附件3. 月球样品借用协议   

  附件4. 样品返还申请表  


  Notice of China National Space Administration on the Distribution of Procedures for Requesting Lunar Samples



  To all units concerned:


  The Procedures for Requesting Lunar Samples is approved and adopted. Official versions are effective immediately.


  China National Space Administration


  December 17, 2020


  Procedures for Requesting Lunar Samples


  Chapter 1 General Provisions


  Article 1 These Procedures are established for the proper storage, management and usage of lunar samples for scientific research and social benefits.


  Article 2 The lunar samples refer to the materials collected on and below the surface of the Moon through China's lunar exploration program and the lunar materials obtained by China National Space Administration (CNSA) through other means.


  Article 3 The present Procedures shall be applicable to the overall process of unsealing, classification, preparation, documentation, storage, application, distribution, transportation, use, return, dispositioning, management of information, and documentation of results.


  Chapter 2 Responsibilities


  Article 4 China National Space Administration is the management authority of lunar samples, with main responsibilities that include:


  (1) Formulating policies and regulations for the management of lunar samples;


  (2) Supervising application and commercialization of scientific research achievements; and


  (3) International cooperation on lunar sample studies.


  Article 5 CNSA's Lunar Exploration and Space Engineering Center (hereinafter referred to as LESEC) has been entrusted to carry out the management of lunar samples, with main responsibilities including:


  (1) Reviewing Standards and Operating Procedures formulated by the curatorial agencies;


  (2) Establishing an expert committee on lunar samples;


  (3) Reviewing applications for requesting lunar samples;


  (4) Supervising and coordinating the process of unsealing, classification, preparation, documentation, storage, application, distribution, transportation, use, return, dispositioning, management of information, and documentation of results.;


  (5) Publishing dynamic information on lunar samples on a regular basis through data information platform; and


  (6) Implementing the monitoring of science returns and its applications, and preparing and publishing a list of publications and achievements.


  Article 6 The lunar samples are stored at CNSA and its designated curatorial agencies. The main curatorial agency is the National Astronomical Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and a backup curatorial agency is also established.


  The curatorial agencies, under the supervision of CNSA and specific guidance of LESEC, shall provide information, from preliminary examination, on lunar samples in a timely manner, and report the curation and distribution of lunar samples to LESEC on a regular basis. Any emergency case such as lunar sample contamination and damage shall be reported to LESEC immediately.


  The curatorial agencies shall adopt the following procedures for sample handling.


  Article 7 The main responsibilities of the main curatorial agency include:


  (1) Formulating standards and Operating Procedures related to lunar samples;


  (2) Implementing the unsealing, classification, preparation, documentation, and storage of lunar samples;


  (3) Implementing the distribution, return and dispositioning of lunar samples in accordance with the procedures;


  (4) Building and maintaining the lunar sample storage facilities, to make sure that these facilities have the capability to carry out the necessary work; and


  (5) Establishing a lunar sample curation catalog, thus to secure the information safety of the lunar samples.


  Article 8 The main responsibilities of the backup curatorial agency include:


  (1) Participating in the formulation of the standards and operating procedures related to lunar samples;


  (2) Building and maintaining storage facilities; and


  (3) Establishing a lunar sample information catalog to guarantee the security of lunar samples stored.


  Article 9 Requesting of lunar samples shall be made by a legal person (hereinafter referred to as the requesting subject), and the main responsibilities of the requesting subject shall include:


  (1) Conducting scientific research or socially beneficial activities in accordance with the relevant content of approval and agreement;


  (2) Responsible for the security of the lunar samples, and bearing responsibilities for their damage, contamination, or loss due to operational and storage negligence;


  (3) A dedicated person shall be appointed to be responsible for the safe use of the sample. Clear instructions shall be given to the person or persons responsible for sample handling; and


  (4) Reporting in the scientific research results of lunar samples to LESEC.


  Chapter 3 Classification, Handling and Information Release


  Article 10 According to basic uses, lunar samples are divided into four types in principle: permanently stored samples, permanently stored backup samples, research samples, and samples for public beneficial activities, of which permanently stored samples and permanently stored backup samples are sealed and maintained in a pristine state as original samples, research samples are used for scientific investigation and analysis, and the samples for public beneficial activities are used for activities such as exhibition, public outreach, and education.


  Article 11 The main curatorial agency shall receive and keep the lunar samples for a period of not more than six months, according to different basic uses, to conduct preliminary sample handing and to form a set of relevant information.


  Article 12 After the end of the above (initial) sample handling period, LESEC will publish lunar sample information to the public through the data information platform, and update the sample information dynamically according to the status of sample requests.


  Chapter 4 Request and Distribution


  Article 13 Request refers to the use of lunar samples for scientific research (non-destructive and destructive experiments) and public beneficial activities (education, exhibition, etc.) and the return of samples at an agreed time after the completion of such activities.


  Article 14 The requesting subject shall be able to ensure the safety and storage of the sample, and the requesting subject that will conduct the sample research shall have the corresponding investigation competence as being proposed.


  Article 15 The requesting subject shall submit a request application form for lunar samples on the data information platform (see Annexes 1 and 2).


  Article 16 LESEC will conduct a centralized review of request applications at the end of each quarter and provide timely feedback on the results of the review to the requesting subjects. LESEC will sign a Lunar Sample Loan Agreement (see Annex 3) with the requesting subject, and the main curatorial agency will allocate the sample according to the procedures.


  Article 17 The term for request of a research sample shall, in principle, not exceed one year. If it is absolutely necessary, the request can be renewed once for a period not exceeding six months. The requesting subject shall submit an application for renewal to LESEC at least thirty days before the expiration of the request.


  Article 18 In view of the precious nature of lunar samples, the requested research samples shall be used sparingly. Destructive experiments on research samples shall be reduced to the minimum and demonstrated and explained in detail in the research plan.


  Article 19 The term for requesting of sample for public beneficial activities generally does not exceed two months. If it is really necessary, a request can be renewed once for a period not exceeding one month. The requesting subject shall submit an application for renewal to LESEC fifteen days before the expiration.


  Article 20 The main curatorial agency shall complete the preparation and distribution of the corresponding sample within thirty days in accordance with the written notice of LESEC, the approved request application form and the signed Lunar Sample Loan Agreement, and give feedback to LESEC.


  Chapter 5 Use and Return


  Article 21 The requesting subject shall record the entire use of lunar sample in writing, and the destructive experiments must be recorded in video, so as to ensure the traceability of the use of sample and facilitate the supervision, return and redistribution of the lunar sample.


  Article 22 The requesting subject is subject to inspection by LESEC on the use of lunar samples.


  Article 23 The requesting subject has no right to provide the lunar sample to a third party. Experiments, testing and other related work to be conducted by a third party shall be explained in the original request application form by the requesting subject, and must be approved before implementation.


  Article 24 If the requesting subject violates the provisions of the request agreement during the use of lunar sample, LESEC shall have the right to terminate the agreement in advance and request the requesting subject to return the sample immediately.


  Article 25 Within five working days after the expiration of the request, the requesting subject shall submit a return application form (see Annex 4) to the main curatorial agency in a timely manner, with the lunar sample, loan agreement and necessary documents attached. The sample use record in the return application form shall be filled in clearly and completely, and video record of relevant destructive experiments (including complete destruction without any remaining material) shall be provided. The requested sample shall be returned in full, and for any sample that cannot be returned completely due to destructive experiments, the remaining part shall be returned.


  Article 26 The main curatorial agency shall organize the verification of the integrity of the items returned after receiving the return application form. In case of any missing items, the requesting subject shall make supplementary submission within the specified period. The main curatorial agency will inspect the returned lunar sample, form an inspection opinion, and report to LESEC. LESEC will organize a review by the committee of experts as appropriate and draw a conclusion. If the returned sample meets the requirements, the main curatorial agency shall be responsible for the registration, storage, and other related work. If the returned sample does not meet the requirements, the main curatorial agency shall be responsible for the treatment in accordance with the relevant provisions of Lunar Sample Loan Agreement.


  Chapter 6 Publication of Scientific Results


  Article 27 Publication of papers, academic exchanges and other activities that use the research achievements of lunar sample analysis shall clearly identify the serial number of the lunar sample and indicate that "Lunar Sample Provided by CNSA".


  Article 28 Publication of papers and declaration of intellectual property that derived from the usage of lunar samples shall be reported through the data information platform within three months and will be collected and published by LESEC to promote the sharing of scientific research results from the analysis of lunar samples.


  Article 29 LESEC organizes a committee of experts to evaluate the scientific research achievements of lunar sample analysis on a regular basis, and to promote the transformation and application of scientific and technological achievements.


  Article 30 Commercial activities to be conducted using lunar samples or relevant scientific research achievements and products by a requesting subject shall be subject to written approval by LESEC and follow the Lunar Sample Loan Agreement.


  Chapter 7 Security Management


  Article 31 The requesting subject shall possess the corresponding security assurance and management conditions, to ensure that the lunar sample is secure and free from contamination.


  Article 32 If a lunar sample is lost, the requesting subject shall notify the local police immediately and report to LESEC. In case of contamination, damage, etc., the requesting subject shall submit a written explanation within 24 hours. In serious cases, LESEC will request CNSA and other relevant authorities to investigate and pressing legal charges in accordance with the law.


  Chapter 8 International Cooperation


  Article 33 The management and use of lunar samples shall comply with the relevant international conventions that the People's Republic of China has established or adopted.


  Article 34 CNSA encourages lunar sample-based joint international research, and supports the international sharing of science results.


  Article 35 LESEC shall organize joint research, exchanges, exhibition, and goodwill gifts related to lunar samples, in accordance with the relevant agreements and approvals of CNSA.


  Chapter 9 Supplementary Articles


  Article 36 Whoever violates the provisions of the present Procedure shall be subject to investigation by CNSA and other authorities for legal responsibility.


  Article 37 The present Procedure shall come into force as of the date of publication, and CNSA shall be responsible for its interpretation.


Annex:

Annex 1 Request Application Form of Research Samples 

Annex 2 Request Application Form of Samples for Public Beneficial Activities 

Annex 3 Lunar Sample Loan Agreement

Annex 4 Sample Return Application Form

 《月球样品管理办法》有关情况解读

分享:
【关闭】 【打印】

必威登录平台☛「官网进入」